Interesting facts about Zaporozhye

We want to offer you all the most interesting, in our opinion, facts and stories about Zaporozhye


What is interesting about Zaporozhye

  • The city of Zaporizhzhya is one of the largest regional centers of Ukraine. The territory of the city is 334 m2. Through the city flows the river Dnipro.
  • Average daily temperatures in the city in the summer +22 degrees C ° in the winter -5.5 degrees C °
  • Favorable climate and a successful geographical position of Zaporozhye attracted people from ancient times. The oldest settlements of primitive people in the river valley of the northern part of the Dnieper River belong to the Middle Paleolithic period (100-40 thousand years BC). For many centuries, the territory of the region was a kind of corridor, which passed different peoples, where different cultures crossed. Cimmerians, Scythians and Sarmatians, Goths and Huns, Avaris, Khazars, Polovtsy, Pechenegs, Slavs left diverse archaeological sites in the Dnieper Plains. During the written history, the territory between the Dnipro rapids and the Azov Sea coast, between the valley of the Lower Dnipro River and the Donetsk ridge was called differently. "Hyperborea", "Cimmeria", "Gerros", "Gilea", "Tsarist Scythia", "The Land of the Amazons", "Sarmatia", "The Kingdom of Germanarich" are the names familiar to us from the Bible and the Assyrian-Babylonian tablets, from the historical the works of the Greeks of Homer, Herodotus and Claudius Ptolemy, the Romans Stratona and later authors. The Cossacks christened the flood-plain part of the Dnipro River with the "Great Meadow," and the territory of their liberties was called "Zaporozhye". The last name is still preserved in the name of the city and region. After the Tatar-Mongolian invasion of 1237-1240, the territory of the Zaporizhzhya region for two centuries became part of the Golden Horde, which provoked the political and economic assimilation of the Zaporizhzhya population with the conquerors.
  • In 1445, the Zaporizhzhia steppes on the left bank of the Dnieper River became part of the Crimean Khanate. From the end of the XV to the middle of the nineteenth century. they were inhabited by nomadic and semi-poor Nogai. Natural-geographical and historical conditions in the XV-XVI centuries contributed to the fact that the southern Ukrainian lands became one of the centers of formation of the Zaporizhzhya Cossacks. One of its main strongholds and symbols was the island of Khortytsya, known since the Old Slavic times. The presence of the Cossacks at the Dnieper rapids contributed to the occupation of fertile lands and the revitalization of economic activity here. An event of all-Ukrainian significance was the formation of certain Cossack detachments and industrial artels of the sociopolitical and military organization of the Zaporozhye Cossacks - the Zaporozhian Sich ("Zaporozhian Army Forces").
  • Zaporizhzhya Sich became the first political formation on the territory of Ukraine with all the features of the republic. It has long maintained its independence and was a prominent place in international relations. European states established diplomatic relations with her and sought a military alliance. It was here that the first democratic letter of the main law in the world (the Constitution of Pylyp Orlyk) was born, which can still be considered an example of the construction of a democratic system. In 1770 the Aleksandrovsky fortress was built, which over time grew to the city of Zaporozhye. At the end of the 16th century, the lands of southern Ukraine became part of the Russian Empire. Zaporozhye becomes a trading center behind the Dnieper rapids, which was facilitated by the river routes of the Dnipro river basin, converging at the rapids, and two land routes. Every year in the city were held 4 trade fairs. The process of new settlement and land development of the modern Zaporozhye region was complicated. Representatives of many nationalities took part in it, which led to the development of the region as a multinational. This ensured the borrowing of economic skills, individual peculiarities of life and life by one people from another, caused a peculiar merging of cultural and economic traditions. An integral part of the population of the territory of modern Zaporozhye region were foreign settlers: Germans-Mennonites, Bulgarians, Jews, Gagauzes, Poles, Serbs, Greeks, Albanians, etc.
  • Zaporozhye became one of the landfills where the strategic plans of the industrialization of the USSR were embodied. In 1927 the construction of DneproGES, the most powerful hydroelectric power plant in Europe, was commenced. Along with this accelerated pace, a complex of new energy-intensive enterprises was built. As a territorial unit, the Zaporozhye region was formed on January 10, 1939. Zaporozhye became one of the largest industrial centers of Ukraine and Eastern Europe. The rapid development of the economy and culture of the region was
  • In Zaporozhye on the Dnipro is the cradle of the Ukrainian Cossacks - the island of Khortytsia.